Todorov’s Narrative Theory explains the link between events and how “Equilibrium” is reached. The word Equilibrium means balance, it is often reffered to regarding situations in fictional films and books. Todorov uses the narrative theory with Equilibrium to explain why situations may happen; there are five stages Todorov came up with in the narrative theory,
1. A state of equilibrium (All is as it should be.)
2. A disruption of that order by an event.
3. A recognition that the disorder has occurred.
4. An attempt to repair the damage of the disruption.
5. A return or restoration of a NEW equilibrium.
The Narrative Theory is useful to analyse situations and events using the five situations. The purpose of this theory is usually to make films and books interesting; it also makes the audience feel reassured after disruption. However, it is also used as a political stance. People think that the theory explains that equilibrium is always reached at the end of a film/book, therefore, in the political world, this would be a good leg to have to prove balance.
Moreover, Narrative theory can also be used to scrutinise cultural, historical and political concepts as they are employed in the study of narrative, people see the problems with society this way.
For example, Narrative theory suggests all peace is restored after wars and government problems… However, it makes the audience think, “Well, is it really?”. In my opinion I think Narrative theory turned on it’s head, as shown in the example, is a good way of questioning and using this theory in its original form to expose scapegoats for ideologies within culture, government works etc.